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Native Bee Baseline and Effects Monitoring on the Green Mountain National Forest 2015

Latest version published by Vermont Center for Ecostudies on Sep 2, 2021 Vermont Center for Ecostudies

We sampled bees at 31 sites in clearcuts, mowed wildlife openings and wildlife openings treated with prescribed fire in the spring and summer of 2015 to compare the effectiveness of these practices for promoting native bee communities. We also sampled 20 points within a fire-adapted forest community on the Dome, a mountain in Pownal Vermont, to provide baseline data to gauge the effects of proposed restoration activities.

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 43 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Event (core)
    43
  • Occurrence 
    291

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 43 records in English (11 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (11 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (9 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

King D, Milam J (2020): Native Bee Baseline and Effects Monitoring on the Green Mountain National Forest 2015. v1.2. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://ipt.vtecostudies.org/ipt-2.3.5/resource?r=gmnf2015&v=1.2

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a8d8aa54-9900-4b6d-b2c5-b70a5a4eb790.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.

Keywords

Samplingevent

Contacts

Who created the resource:

David King
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts
Joan Milam
University of Massachusetts,

Who can answer questions about the resource:

David King
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts
Joan Milam
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts,
Spencer Hardy
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies Norwich VT US

Who filled in the metadata:

Spencer Hardy
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies 05055 Norwich VT US
David King
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts
Joan Milam
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts

Who else was associated with the resource:

Author
David King
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts
Author
Joan Milam
Ecologist
University of Massachusetts
Publisher
Spencer Hardy
Project Coordinator
Vermont Center for Ecostudies 05055 Norwich VT US

Geographic Coverage

Green Mountain National Forest, Vermont

Bounding Coordinates South West [42.495, -74.355], North East [44.84, -71.455]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Superfamily  Anthophila (Bees)

Project Data

We sampled bees at 31 sites in clearcuts, mowed wildlife openings and wildlife openings treated with prescribed fire in the spring and summer of 2015 to compare the effectiveness of these practices for promoting native bee communities. We also sampled 20 points within a fire-adapted forest community on the Dome, a mountain in Pownal Vermont, to provide baseline data to gauge the effects of proposed restoration activities.

Title Native Bee Baseline and Effects Monitoring on the Green Mountain National Forest

The personnel involved in the project:

Author
David King
Author
Joan Milam

Sampling Methods

Points in clearcuts and wildlife openings were sampled using bee bowls and target netting. Bee bowls consisted of 100 ml plastic cups filled two-thirds full with dish soap and water solution and placed at 3 m intervals alternating white, florescent yellow and florescent blue along linear transects centered on each sample point. Bee bowls were deployed during fair weather with no rain or high winds and retrieved after 24 hrs. Target netting took place during a 30 min period in which an observer with an insect net captured bees from flowers, other vegetation, or in flight. All bees captured were collected. Points in wildlife openings were sampled once during either an early sample period (10-12 June) or a later sampling period (15-17 September). All points on the Dome were sampled three times each season during the early period (28-29 May) mid-season (11-12 June, or late period (15-17 September).

Study Extent We conducted this study at 51 sample points distributed across the GMNF, located in the southwestern and central portion of Vermont, USA (Appendix 1). Except for three sites, these were a subset of points that had been established by J. Smetzer for her master's study on birds (Smetzer 2014). The GMNF is 161,531 ha in area and consists primarily of northern hardwoods in the lower elevation zones in which this study occurred (U.S.Department of Agriculture [USDA] Forest Service 2006). Thirty-one of these points were in regenerating clearcuts, mowed wildlife openings and wildlife openings treated with prescribed fire. All sites were >1 ha in area, and ranged in elevation from 303 to 687 m asl. Time since last treatment ranged from 0-17 years, and did not differ among treatments (F2=1.17, P=0.18). Twenty additional points ranging from 450 to 658 m asl. were established on the Dome, a mountain in Pownal, Vermont, within a fire-adapted forest being considered for restoration.
Quality Control Determinations by Joan Milam and Sam Droege

Method step description:

  1. Captured bees were preserved in alcohol and later washed, dried, pinned, labeled and identified to species using a variety of keys, both online (Discoverlife.org) and in print (e.g., Mitchell 1960, 1962).

Collection Data

Collection Name GMNF 2015 collection
Parent Collection Identifier Vermont Atlas of Life
Specimen preservation methods Pinned

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers a8d8aa54-9900-4b6d-b2c5-b70a5a4eb790
https://ipt.vtecostudies.org/ipt-2.3.5/resource?r=gmnf2015