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The First Breeding Bird Atlas of Vermont (1976-1981)

Dernière version Publié par Vermont Center for Ecostudies le Dec 30, 2019 Vermont Center for Ecostudies

The Vermont Breeding Bird Atlas (VBBA) is one of the most comprehensive bird surveys in Vermont. It is completed once every 25 years during a 5-year period. Data collection for the first and second atlases were in 1976-1981 and in 2003-2007, respectively. The main goal of the first atlas was to document the spatial distribution of each bird species at a broad geographical scale.

Enregistrements de données

Les données de cette ressource occurrence ont été publiées sous forme d'une Archive Darwin Core (Darwin Core Archive ou DwC-A), le format standard pour partager des données de biodiversité en tant qu'ensemble d'un ou plusieurs tableurs de données. Le tableur de données du cœur de standard (core) contient 24,218 enregistrements.

Cet IPT archive les données et sert donc de dépôt de données. Les données et métadonnées des ressources sont disponibles au téléchargement dans la section téléchargements. Le tableau des versions liste les autres versions de chaque ressource rendues disponibles de façon publique et permet de tracer les modifications apportées à la ressource au fil du temps.

Téléchargements

Téléchargez la dernière version de la ressource en tant qu'Archive Darwin Core (DwC-A), ou les métadonnées de la ressource au format EML ou RTF :

Données sous forme de fichier DwC-A (zip) télécharger 24,218 enregistrements dans Anglais (859 KB) - Fréquence de mise à jour: non planifié
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier EML télécharger dans Anglais (12 KB)
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier RTF télécharger dans Anglais (13 KB)

Versions

Le tableau ci-dessous n'affiche que les versions publiées de la ressource accessibles publiquement.

Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

Renfrew R, McFarland K (2019): The First Breeding Bird Atlas of Vermont (1976-1981). v1.0. Vermont Center for Ecostudies. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.vtecostudies.org/ipt-2.3.5/resource?r=vtbreedingbirdatlas1&v=1.0

Droits

Les chercheurs doivent respecter la déclaration de droits suivante:

L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : eba1cb5d-eafe-4828-99c4-e9f53f14d7bc.  Vermont Center for Ecostudies publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du U.S. Geological Survey.

Mots-clé

Occurrence; Observation

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

Rosalind Renfrew
Ornithologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies PO Box 420 05055 Norwich Vermont US
Kent McFarland
conservation biologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies PO Box 420 05055 Norwich Vermont US 802-649-1431

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

Kent McFarland
conservation biologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies PO Box 420 05055 Norwich Vermont US 802-649-1431

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

Kent McFarland
conservation biologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies PO Box 420 05055 Norwich Vermont US 802-649-1431

Autres personnes associées à la ressource:

Utilisateur
Kent McFarland
conservation biologist
Vermont Center for Ecostudies PO Box 420 05055 Norwich Vermont US 802-649-1431

Couverture géographique

State of Vermont, United States

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [42.715, -73.455], Nord Est [45.058, -71.389]

Couverture taxonomique

Pas de description disponible

Class  Aves (birds)

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 1976-01-01 / 1981-12-31

Données sur le projet

http://val.vtecostudies.org/

Titre Vermont Atlas of Life
Identifiant VAL
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche State of Vermont, USA

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Chercheur Principal
Kent McFarland

Méthodes d'échantillonnage

In the first atlas (1976-1981), one block in each quadrangle in Vermont was randomly selected to be surveyed—these were called “priority blocks.” A total of 179 blocks were selected to be surveyed in the first atlas. Field work for the first atlas was carried out during 1976 - 1981. Each block was surveyed for 1 to 5 years, depending on the amount of effort expended on a block in a given year. Blocks without a dedicated volunteer were block-busted; that is, surveyed intensively during a short period, usually by at least two people per block. Blockbusting was carried out by both volunteers and paid field technicians. In addition to observations collected during formal atlasing efforts, incidental observations were recorded and were especially encouraged for rare species in non-priority and priority blocks. The protocol for surveying a block followed that of other atlases and was in accordance with the general principles outlined in the North American Atlas Committee (NORAC) guidelines. Atlasers conducted extensive area searches of each block in all of the habitats represented. They recorded all bird species detected within safe dates and any breeding evidence observed for each bird species. Evidence of breeding was categorized as “Confirmed”, “Probable”, or “Possible”. A minimum number of species and confirmations were required to declare a block “completed.” This approach ensures a standard, minimum amount of coverage and survey effort on blocks. Observers were required to survey in as many different habitat types as possible on the block. Using a minimum number of species, while imprecise, is preferable to using the amount of time spent on a block as a measure of effort. The latter is problematic because the amount of time needed to survey a block adequately can vary depending on factors such as topography, habitat complexity and diversity, accessibility of habitats, times periods when surveying occurs, and especially skill level and motivation of the observer. In the first atlas, surveying on a block was considered complete when at least 75 percent of the species expected to occur in the block were found, and evidence of nesting was confirmed for at least half of those species. Based on an assumption that the average block in Vermont harbors 100 breeding bird species, a block was considered complete when at least 75 species had been documented, and at least 35 of those species were confirmed breeding. The 75/35 rule could not be strictly applied to blocks with relatively homogenous habitat. Forested blocks with few openings or wetlands, for example, do not have a diversity of habitats adequate to support 100 breeding bird species. Most of these blocks were located in the Northeastern Highlands biophysical region and in blocks in the Green Mountains, where blocks were extensively forested and supported few other habitat types.

Etendue de l'étude State of Vermont, United States

Description des étapes de la méthode:

  1. See Sampling description.
  2. Because no database existed for the atlas, custom software was created by Ted Murin, atlas volunteer, to read scans of the species maps on pages 31-407 of the Atlas of Breeding Birds of Vermont (Laughlin, Sarah B. and Douglas P. Kibbe, eds. 1985. The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Vermont. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. 456pp. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11449779.v1). Original paper forms from the atlas are stored at the Vermont Center for Ecostudies. This file was used to created a DwC file for the project.

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Laughlin, Sarah B. and Douglas P. Kibbe, eds. 1985. The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Vermont. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. 456pp. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11449779.v1
  2. Breeding Bird Atlas Explorer (online resource). 2020. U.S. Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. <Date of access>. http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bba. Data extracted from: Laughlin, Sarah B. and Douglas P. Kibbe, eds. 1985. The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Vermont. Hanover, IN: University Press of New England. 456pp. https://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bba/index.cfm?fa=explore.ProjectHome&BBA_ID=VT1976

Métadonnées additionnelles

Identifiants alternatifs http://ipt.vtecostudies.org/ipt-2.3.5/resource?r=vtbreedingbirdatlas1